Chemical peeling is a procedure involving the application of one or more chemical substances that accelerate cell renewal. Its immediate and visible effect is based on (shallower or deeper) exfoliation of the skin, while the long-term effect causes skin regeneration and production of new collagen, as a result of which the skin becomes moisturized, without wrinkles, discoloration or other defects.
It can be performed (after choosing the right peeling) at any time of the year, on all types of skin and on any part of the body;
It is fast and simple;
It can be performed in outpatient conditions, does not require hospitalization;
Painless in most cases;
Immediate effects: the skin has a healthier appearance, is illuminated, hydrated and tight.
Chemical peeling is an increasingly common aesthetic medicine procedure. No wonder, since it has anti-aging, reducing and purifying properties and increases the production of elastin and collagen.
Chemical peeling is used on scars, discolorations, wrinkles, and the most common treatment is the face skin. There are several types of chemical peeling, and it is best to consult a doctor from an aesthetic medicine salon when selecting it.
Surface or medium deep chemical peeling can be done even at home! Nevertheless, the relative ease of its implementation does not mean that it is not dangerous for our health, because, as in any aesthetic medicine procedure, and here you have to be particularly careful. The effects after chemical peeling are long-lasting and satisfactory. Find out more about this treatment!
First of all, for people who want to remove discolorations and sunspots, to make small wrinkles or acne changes shallow.
Chemical peeling cleanses the skin, stimulates it and refreshes it, while adding a glow. Additionally, it rejuvenates and has an anti-ageing effect. Properly selected helps to deal with such skin problems as acne, erythema, dry skin or excessive oily skin.
Chemical peeling is the removal of dead epidermis by means of chemical substances applied to the skin. These are properly prepared mixtures which are intended to improve the quality and condition of the skin.
Chemical peeling is most often used on the skin of the face, but a popular treatment of this kind is also chemical peeling applied to the skin of the hands, neck and décolleté.
Chemical peeling is one of the safest treatments of aesthetic medicine and you can prepare it yourself.
Six weeks before starting the chemical peeling procedure you should give up smoking and taking drugs with acetylsalicylic acid, because it affects blood thinning. After consulting with an aesthetic medicine salon, we can get a recommendation to apply an appropriate type of ointment to the skin, whose task is to strengthen the effects of the treatment.
Surface chemical peeling performed in the salon consists of cleansing the face and applying a chemical mixture selected to the skin type. It is performed with a brush or swab and the chemical mixture is applied in the form of gel, liquid or mask.
Once the solution is applied to the skin, there may be a slight burning or tingling sensation, but this is not a painful treatment. After a few minutes the chemical solution is washed away from the skin.
Deep peeling, on the other hand, is a much more serious procedure for which the skin must be properly prepared. It is much more painful than surface peeling, and in order to alleviate pain a local anesthetic is administered. After cleansing, an organic chemical compound - phenol - is applied and at the end of the procedure most often ointment is used to relieve pain and soothe redness.
Medium-deep peeling and deep peeling leave marks for about 6 weeks, so you have to reckon with the fact that the skin after such treatment will be reddened for some time and sensitive to the sun. Cold compresses or, in more severe cases, painkillers are used to relieve pain after chemical peeling.
See also another facial procedures
The skin after the treatment is reddened and irritated - you have to be cooked for a few more days to allow the epidermis to peel off. The comforting thing is that when everything comes back to normal, you will enjoy smooth, radiant and firm skin. What are the other benefits of chemical peeling?
Wrinkles will become shallower,
The pores become less visible, sebum secretion is regulated,
The visibility of scars and discoloration will be reduced,
Acne will be reduced,
The skin tone will be improved and evened out.
Facial skin aging caused by exposure to the sun (photoageing), thin wrinkles and mimic wrinkles, pigmentation spots (age spots, molasses, freckles), skin lesions (acne, keratosis, dryness), limpness, stretch marks, scars, dilated pores.
The choice of peeling depends largely on the skin phototype as well as other factors such as skin preparation, exposure to the sun and patient expectations. The best candidates for the treatment are people with white skin, blond hair and bright eyes (low phototypes), due to the lowest risk of hyperpigmentation.
Unfortunately, not everyone can undergo this kind of treatment. The main contraindications are active skin infections (e.g. herpes), dark skin colouring (high phototype), general retinoid treatment during the last few months, and also a planned trip to areas with strong sunlight (exposure to the sun within 2 weeks after peeling is contraindicated). Others are:
tendency to scarring,
pregnancy and breastfeeding,
Heavy figure of acne,
Oral therapy with vitamin A.
What does the treatment look like?
The first step is to thoroughly cleanse the skin. Then, using a cotton pad or a special brush, a dermatologist or a beautician applies a peeling tailored to our skin's needs. This can have different form - mask, gel or thick liquid. Some acids, such as glycolic acid, require additional neutralization with a special preparation. Each time the treatment ends with protecting the skin with a soothing cream.
It is extremely important to prepare the skin in advance - 6 weeks before starting the treatment you should give up smoking and taking drugs that affect blood thinning.
No sunbathing for four weeks.
Recommended use of sunscreens with an SPF factor of at least 30.
No use of AHA creams for two weeks.
Use creams with vitamin C twice a day in order to strengthen the peeling effect.
Absolute ban on scratching the peeling skin.
Indicated intensive skin moisturizing.
Immediately after the peeling or in order to maintain its effect you can perform therapeutic cosmetic treatments.
Treatments with chemical peelings require systematic home care. It is important to apply moisturizing and lubricating preparations containing peptides, antioxidants, ceramides, mucopolysaccharides, natural polyunsaturated fatty acids, phytoestrogens.
The basic care after exfoliating treatments is sun protection, use of preparations containing e.g. mineral and chemical filters, vitamins C and E, phytic acid, allantoin.
Oral supplementation rich in antioxidants, proteins and EFAs is also recommended. It is important to constantly supplement polyunsaturated fatty acids (EFA), which have a beneficial effect on the condition of the skin by improving its hydration and elasticity.
In order to enjoy young, firm skin for a long time one should take care that there is no lack of protein in the daily diet. Deficiencies in protein are the cause of skin flaccidity, its finiteness and contribute to the formation of stretch marks.
After the treatment you should not sunbathe for a month and you should not use creams with AHA acids for about 2 weeks. The scaly epidermis must not be scratched or torn off. Immediately after the treatment you should not paint, preferably wait about 24 hours.